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Volgograd is considered to be founded in 1589. At that time the city had a different name - Tsaritsyn.
Volgograd is located 1000 km from Moscow, in the Lower Volga region in steppe and semidesert areas. The city spreads out on the right (west) riverbank of the Volga River. The Volga River, the longest river in Europe (3500 km), falls into the Caspian Sea 500 km to the south of Volgograd.
Mamayev Hill (Mamayev Kurgan) is the Dominant Height of Russia. The memorial complex to ‘The Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad’ with the central statue named 'The Motherland Calls' saves the story of bravery and courage of Stalingrad defenders during the fierce battles for the city for centuries. In 2008, the memorial complex was put on the list of the federal monuments and included into the Seven Wonders of Russia.
Volgograd is one of the longest cities in Russia. It stretches out along the Volga River almost for 90 km. They say there are people who spent their life in Volgograd, but have never been on its opposite end.
The Volga Hydroelectric Power Station, short GES, is the largest hydroelecteic Station in Europe and an important part of the Unified energy system of Russia. Its capacity is 2608 MW. The total length of the hydrosystem is 5 km.
​The Nobel town, which is situated on the territory of the Central Park of Culture and Recreation, is one of the most unusual places of prerevolutionary Tsaritsyn. Its history starts in the 19th century, when three brothers Robert, Ludvig and Alfred Nobel (founders of the Nobel prize) together with their Russian companion Baron Peter von Bilderling set up an oil company – the Petroleum Production Company Nobel Brothers.